Mexico City is one of the biggest agglomerations in the world. It was already an important cultural and trading center a long time ago. The members of many ancient civilizations have lived there. They were later pushed out by conquistadors – guests from the far Europe. Nowadays, Mexico is one of the most important cities in the world where there is a majority of Latin Americans. This city is also very attractive for tourists because of many one-of-a-kind monuments among other attractions. Which ones of them must be seen during the trip to this metropolis?
Zocalo – the most important square in the city – is a starting point for those who want to know more about the Mexican metropolis. Some time ago, its biggest pride was the statue of the king of Spain – Carlos IV. Today, in the independent country, there are nothing but memories left after these kinds of Spanish symbols. The square alone deserves attention for several reasons. First of all, it is a historical center of the city created by Aztecs in the XIV century. The signs of the Aztec buildings can be found in the area of this square even today. They contrast with other constructions like the cathedral built in the colonial period or the modern buildings used as office blocks.
It is worth taking a closer look at the cathedral that stands near the square. Its construction began in the second half of the XVI century. Many different styles can be found in its shape. It is a result of the construction which lasted many years. In its interior, a magnificent Altar of the Kings and one-of-a-kind image of the Lord of Poison can amaze us. This impressive temple contrasts with the nearby church of Saint Jacob, the patron of the city, which was built in the 60s of the XVIII century. This sanctuary is a very special building where architecture is a marvelous fusion of the Mexican culture and the Spanish baroque.
Another interesting building can be seen near the Zocalo. It is the Palacio Nacional which is the headquarters of the national authorities for many centuries. Earlier, it was the residence of the Aztec ruler Montezuma who created nearby his residence… the very first zoological garden in the American continent. His zoo was really astounding. After Aztecs it was governed by the Spanish viceroys. Nowadays, it is the seat of the Mexican president.
It is worth visiting the old town which is in the district named Centro Historico. In its area, many colonial palaces as well as magnificent museums can be admired. In each of these buildings there are valuable exhibits which make it easier for the tourists to learn about long and vivid history of Mexico. One of the most important museum facilities is undoubtedly the Museum of the Mexico City where – thanks to carefully made models – the whole city as well as its looks in the particular periods of time can be admired. However, the most interesting museum of the city is the Anthropological Museum where the tourists can see the most precious treasures of the Aztec culture with their own eyes. Its collection is supposed to be one of the most wonderful in the world, so it cannot be ignored.
During the trip to Mexico City, the Square of the Three Cultures must also be visited. The tourists are amazed by its unique character that emphasizes the remarkable richness of the habitants’ culture. Some time ago, an Aztec town functioned here and it was used as, among others, a popular market place. Today, the buildings, each representing a different culture, are the ornament of the square. Therefore, one can see here a pyramid and a church in the colonial style in the neighbourhood of the modern building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. A huge attraction of the Mexico City is the basilica of the Saint Mary from Guadalupe. She is not only the patron of the city but of almost all Latin America as well. Therefore, her sanctuary is not only one of the biggest tourist attractions in the city, but also one of the most important center of the religious cults the world.