While learning a foreign language, speaking is definitely the hardest. Many people lacks the courage to speak and preparing the speech makes them really nervous. Is there a way to overcome this fear and start speaking in a foreign language like in the native one? Of course it is.
Contrary to what you might think, neither knowledge of the vocabulary nor grammar rules determine the ability of fluent speaking. It is exactly like in everyday life. The biggest chatterboxes are not the ones who know best and form the nicest sentences, but the people who have confidence and who believe that they have something to say. Therefore, self-developing and increasing one’s self-esteem is important. The books concerning personal development, making dreams come true and reaching goals are very useful. You can share your dreams with a friend and ask him/her to provide a positive reinforcement or start writing a personal diary where all your goals and small successes will be listed. And all this to believe in yourself and your possibilities. Because there is a hidden potential in every one of us. All you have to do is develop it. Then, the foreign language will stop being foreign and become a little closer to heart. And from that point, the road to fluent speaking is simple.
The proper motivation and growing faith in succeeding in learning is the first and most important step. Primarily, a foreign language is an arduous learning without which there will be no results. So how to develop the elementary skills to reach the level of a natural conversation? Here are five simple ways to speak better every day. They should be obligatory for everyone who want to break the barrier of silence.
1. Learn a simple dialogue every day and practice it with yourself.
Perhaps it seems trivial and outdated. Those are not the methods anymore. Swotting? Yes. Because to speak, you need to have a solid set of words and phrases. Reliable one and ready to use at any moment. Short dialogues chosen from a textbook concerning the everyday life and everyday matters must simply become our second nature. A situation where one has to speak is for some of us so stressful that we forget our own name. Strengthened and constantly repeated structures will prevent that.
2. Start thinking in the language that you learn.
It is not at all that simple. At first you lack words. They escape from the memory and you cannot remember them no matter what. But everything can be learned. You should look for other ways to say the same thing and when even this is too difficult, use a dictionary. You surely cannot discourage yourself. Thinking in foreign language is necessary because it develops the proper habits and prepares us to speak.
3. Talk to yourself during the home activities.
Those speeches do not have to be long. The short sentences, interludes and rhetorical questions are sufficient enough. It is important to hear your own voice and accept it. Sentences spoken in a different language may sound a little strange, unnatural or even funny at first. Person who feel embarrassed about his or her voice will not be able to speak in public. But there is nothing weird about our voice sounding a bit different. Every foreign language differs from another in articulation of the particular sounds. Some of them do not even exist in Polish language. Speaking to yourself serves to help “accustom” you to your own voice and accept it.
4. Find a friend with whom you can practice speaking the dialogues from the point 1.
We are not the only ones who has to accept our speaking. We have to let ourselves be heard by other people. For the beginning, conversations word for word from a textbook will be sufficient, but gradually some variations will need to be introduced. First a few words, then a dozen or so, and finally change the planned conversation into a completely spontaneous one.
5. Read a fragment of a book and watch a fragment of a movie every day.
To speak we have to understand our interlocutor. This is what this point is for. Reading and listening also increases the passive knowledge of the vocabulary needed in everyday life. A foreign language is a living being. It grows constantly and every day you have to make effort to know it. When you start learning a foreign language you can never rest on your laurels. You have to practice every day.
Abovementioned points work excellently for people who are timid, shy and paralyzed with fear. A systematic, everyday work will strengthen their knowledge of the language and increase the ability of conversation. The most difficult is breaking the ice. After that speaking gets very easy.