It was a well known health resort near Cracow a long time ago. Today, we can see more tourists than patients because there are a lot of attractive antiquities here. Krzeszowice, although lost a bit in value, can still amaze with its beauty. What is worth knowing about them? What monuments should we pay attention to during the visit to this once popular health resort?
This city, placed by the river Krzeszówka, is one of the most important places in the area of the Krzeszowicki Trench. The health resort is still operating (on a small scale), though the tourism is more important for the modern economy. A village established in the middle of the XIII century was the property of the Cracow chapter till the beginning of the XVII century. Later, Krzeszowice was the property of the successive generations which were simultaneously ruling the Tenczyn castle located in the nearby village called Rudno. Among them there were Tęczyńscy, Czartoryscy, Lubomirscy and Potoccy. The important date in the history of Krzeszowice turned out to be the year 1625. This date is considered to be the beginning of the healing activity in this place. At that time, the unique properties of the local waters were discovered. However, before Krzeszowice has developed and started functioning like a “proper” health resort, some time had passed. The best period of time is the XVIII and the XIX century, especially the times of August Czartoryski and his daughter – Izabela. Thanks to them, the very first baths and a spa house, known now as a Vauxhall palace, were built. Artur Potocki also helped with the development of the health resort. In his times Krzeszowice has turned into a beautiful settlement of urban character and in its area many magnificent buildings have appeared.
“Zofia” baths are one of the most famous. Unfortunately, the successful development of Krzeszowice as a health resort was soon restrained because of the discovery of curative waters near Cracow. As a health resort, Krzeszowice quickly lost its meaning and the competition became a huge problem for it. Krzeszowice became popular again in the 50s of the XX century when people began to promote the local rehabilitation centers.
What is worth seeing in Krzeszowice?
The market place definitely deserves our attention. Its present shape is a relic from the beginning of XIX century. Its biggest ornament is the Vauxhall palace, a spa house built in the times of Izabela Czartoryska. The parish church raised in the first half of the XIX century is also presenting itself in an interesting way. It is a neo-Gothic, brick construction, built in the place of the previous, wooden church. Its front is decorated with Potoccy’s and Braniccy’s crests and on the inside the main altar draws our attention. There is a painting inside it which presents “Tribute of the Three Kings”, painted in the end of the XVI century. Here you can also see the renaissance tomb of Sebastian Lubomirski which was moved to this church from Cracow. It is also worth seeing the “Zofia” and “Zdrój Główny” baths.
The tourist groups sightseeing Krzeszowice visit the local scenic park with great pleasure. In its area there are two interesting buildings: the Old Palace from the beginning of the XIX century and the New Palace of Potocki family built in the middle of the XIX century. The park alone originated in the middle of the XIX century and its beautiful avenues are a perfect place for walks even today. Certainly, during these walks it is worth visiting the local cemetery where Józef Chłopicki (one of the leaders in the November Uprising) is buried in the neo-Gothic chapel. Although he died in Cracow, after his death he received a magnificent mausoleum here, for being one of the most important patients in the health resort.