How to take care of cut flowers in vases?

How to take care of cut flowers in vases?

People like flowers. Their presence in houses softens the interior and gives a special character to it. People like flowers because our senses like flowers: sight, smell and sometimes even touch. Flowers are enjoyable, because thanks to them people become artists capable of seeing beauty in every little piece of nature.

Pot plants are the easiest to arrange on shelves. There shouldn’t be any problems with taking care of them. One can choose the species that are easily grown. The room also needs to meet the requirements of a specific plant. With cut flowers the situation is entirely different. They are exceptionally beautiful when put in a vase, as an element of decoration. However, even the strongest and with the longest time of blooming will one day wither away. Besides that, cut flowers require the same (or even bigger) care as pot plants. There cannot be a situation where water in the vase becomes mouldy and dead leaves – rotten.

Although decorating a house with cut flowers seems to have more cons than pros, it is not hard, nor short-lived as people think. That is why it is good to put colorful buds into the vases, because they bring relaxation and joy.

How to cut flowers?
For the flowers to be fresh for longer time, they should be properly cut. Unfortunately, there is no universal method, because every species has its own needs. One thing is certain: the best time for cutting is the afternoon. At that time there is the biggest amount of nutrients in the plants’ stems. The morning is also good, when the flowers look fresh. However they absolutely cannot be cut at noon or right after a rain. They will surely wither away quickly.

Cutting flowers require a sharp tool. A knife or a pruner can be used. The hand’s movement should be quick and firm, so the situation where the plant’s tissues are crushed will not occur. Another important matter is the plant’s phase of growth. They will not stay in the water for too long when they were cut in full bloom. They can wither away even the same day. That is why the best thing is to cut them when their buds only start opening. Also here there can be differences between the species. Thus, it is important to read and look for information about the particular plants.

How to prolong the “life” of cut flowers?
The flowers in vases can please the eyes for a long time but they have to be cooled right after the cutting. They also need soft and clean water. It can be boiled or distilled. Water from a spring or rain water is also acceptable. Before putting a flower in a vase for the first time and every time the water is changed, the plant’s stem has to be shortened by 2 centimeters. It is also important to wash the vase while changing the water. That will prevent the growth of microflora.

To prevent a premature withering of the plants, they must be put in the right place. A full of light and warm room would be the best option. A room cannot be draughty because air circulation is particularly disadvantageous for plants. Removing excess of leaves from the stem is a good method which prolongs plant’s life. It decreases the loss of water through the vaporization.

How to refresh the withered plants?

Sometimes a momentary carelessness, lack of time or experience cause the cut flowers to wither. Can they be brought back to life? Sometimes yes, another times, unfortunately no. However it is worth trying.
Most of the times clipping the stalk is sufficient (it has to be done underwater). Next, they have to be put in 40 degree Celsius water for approximately half an hour.

Lilacs and chrysanthemums are treated differently. They can be saved with a 20 second bath in boiling water. Of course only stalk up to 10 centimeters should be dipped and not the whole plant. This method is a little risky. The hot water can have a negative impact on plant’s petals; therefore they should be properly protected, for example with a newspaper. Roses and gerberas can also be saved in this way.

Most of the plants’ species can also be brought back to life with a bath in a tub or a bucket. While bathing, the upper part of the plant have to be wrapped with a wet paper.

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